With constant awareness prospective pet parents either adopt a pure bred or a mutt which is either a puppy or an adult dog. I am and have always been pro adoption but sometimes people decide to buy a puppy because of several reasons either keeping the size as a perspective or wanting a pure bred instead of a mutt. So here are a few pointers to make sure that even if you ever decide to buy a puppy you are not encouraging puppy mill trade which is inhumane and cruel or patronizing a backyard breeder who will most likely sell you a sick pup. So save yourself some heart ache and read on!!
The Ethical Breeder
- Do not sell their pups to or through pet stores. Instead, they personally screen and select homes for their puppies, advise people on caring for the breed, turn away people whose lifestyle, commitment or home situation does not fit the breed, test for and guarantee the health and temperament of their puppies, have detailed documentation of their pups’ lineage, demonstrate knowledge about canine health, genetics, socialization and development, and take back their animals at any time and age if the buyers cannot keep them.
- Do not sell multiple breeds of dogs, since they specialize in one or two breeds.
- Demonstrate extensive knowledge of the breed’s history, traits, temperament, and conformation. They have years of experience with the breed.
- Has at least the mother dog on premises and let prospective purchasers observe the dog and her health and behavior. Responsible breeders breed their female dog to the best male, not the most convenient one.
- Breed only dogs over 2 years old, and breeds the dog only a limited number of times; not every year.
- Do not separate a pup from the mother and litter before 10-12 weeks of age. Also deworm and vaccinate their puppies.
- Can provide references for happy puppy buyers.
- Has at least the mother dog on premises and let prospective purchasers observe the dog and her health and behavior.
- Provide advice and guidance to purchasers. Interview and usually visit the homes of prospective puppy purchasers, placing pups only with people who demonstrate they can provide safe, responsible homes.
- Keep their dogs as house pets, so they know that the offspring will be good pets as well.
- Generally only have a litter at a time. Beware the breeder that has a lot of litters on the ground or a number of pregnant bitches. Although this isn’t necessarily a bad thing (a lot depends on the circumstances of the individual breeder and the situation at hand), generally speaking the breeder with an abundance of litters/bred bitches should be avoided.
- The ethical breeder’s premises are neat and clean. Dogs are well exercised, happy and healthy. Kennel runs are roomy and comfortable. Dogs are up to date on innoculations, well-fed and well-groomed. There is no excuse for dirty, matted, skinny, or under-exercised dogs. If these things are obvious, look elsewhere for a puppy. A breeder should never have more dogs than they can physically care well for.
- The ethical breeder does not support him/herself by breeding dogs. Breeding should not be a business–done correctly, there is very little money to be made in breeding dogs. Steer clear of breeders who make their living off of producing puppies.
- The ethical breeder is usually involved heavily in the sport of purebred dogs, whether in conformation, obedience, etc. Stay aware from breeders who bash organized dog sports and say they stay away from competition because of politics. This usually signifies that the breeder’s dogs just can’t cut it in the show ring.
- Ethical breeders are registered in India with the KCI (Kennel Club Of India) & AWBI (Animal Welfare Board Of India)
So if you must buy a pup make the right choice and get one from an ethical breeder instead of a backyard breeder, pet shop or puppy mill.